I've been running 5 drives for several years without a ups in a diy setup. A coupe of years ago there was rolling blackouts and outages for a couple of days. Drives had no issue. I do however have a huge surge protector on everything with a high joule rating over 1000 for protecting the devices.
A ups is more for extending the power for a graceful shutdown of systems connected to it. If things aren't configured for such an event it's a waste of money and time. Also they need to be tested periodically to make sure they work along with replacing the battery every couple of years.
Is 1000VA sufficient? I wonder if 1350VA or 1500VA is overkilled.
I plan to put one Seagate Ironwolf in the NAS initially and see how it goes.
In that case look at nat gas generators.
Ah, the above is important, and should not be overlooked. Be sure to have multiple backups, in different locations, some offline. The key is redundancy of your critical files. And why offline? This way, less likely to be zapped by lightning, or shredded by malware. And different locations, in case your place burns down or someone breaks in and steals your gear. You could keep a 10+ TB HDD in safe deposit or offsite storage, where it could store tons of important data.
I like these bags to transport my hard drives offsite.Ah, the above is important, and should not be overlooked. Be sure to have multiple backups, in different locations, some offline. The key is redundancy of your critical files. And why offline? This way, less likely to be zapped by lightning, or shredded by malware. And different locations, in case your place burns down or someone breaks in and steals your gear. You could keep a 10+ TB HDD in safe deposit or offsite storage, where it could store tons of important data.
Similar setup here. I have a file server for the hot backups (2x12TB and 10TB spinners), a daily sync to another hot backup residing on my gaming rig (16TB spinner), 2x18TB USB 3.0 drives (one onsite and one offsite, rotating between work and home). Using VeraCrypt to encrypt all the aforementioned drives. I create a (currently) 7GB file container with VeraCrypt to backup critical documents (scans of legal doc, taxes, etc.) and upload to my Google Drive as needed as well. Every once in a blue moon, I write one of these file containers to M-Disc.Just my .02 - Get the UPS as big as possible for the NAS. Also, Backup your important data to offline storage. I personally have 2 different 12TB USB drives I use to backup mine. I have an 8TB "hot backup" in my PC that I back the NAS data files to as well.
RAID0 for performance other types of RAID for uptime is really the short answer for all of it.
I'm cheap and can wait for my files to sync. I use 2.5Gbit ethernet so my spinners aren't bottlenecked, but even 7200rpm RAID0 would be bottlenecked by my LAN connection (solid state to solid state max is about 290MB/sec) currently.because when you setup RAID properly, and you have a 10GBe, you can pull off speeds like this from PC -> PC over network on regular 7200rpm hard drives.
And you can pull this off on a nVME.
These are all PC -> PC transfer OVER network via 10gbe.
My NAS is a mix of Raid-Z and Raid-Z2 on 2 different arrays.
Z2 gets things which are super important.
Z gets normal stuff like movies.
Z2 allows 2 drives to die before what i know as my life disappearing.
(well not exactly, i have 2 offsite backups for it, and 1 onsite different machine.)
Z allows 1 drive only.
I also use Raid10 on my windows machine server, which is sort of like Raid-0 then mirror it with another Raid-0.
I'm cheap and can wait for my files to sync. I use 2.5Gbit
It's about performance and speed along with virtual capacity. There are several different raid options form pure speed I raid 0 to mirroring with raid 1 there are hybrid options that combine raid versions like raid 10. There's raid 5 which uses a parity drive for recovery. Raid 50/60 and so on.
I bet you my original 10gbe switch was cheaper then your 2.5.
I used a Mikrotik 5 port one SFP+.
When people didn't know much about mikrotik that switch costed me like 92 dollars, for 4 SFP+ 10gbe.
Then i used retired out Mellanox SFP+ cards at 15 dollars each.
I setup my 10gbe homelab spending about 150 dollars initially just to play around with it.
Now im addicted to 10gbe.... i want 40gbe, but i also like to be able to hear things, which you can't, if you ever heard how loud a 40gbe switch is.
My 10gbe switch is passive and silent.
This is what i use now.
In our MikroTik CRS309-1G-8S+IN review, we show what this low-cost, low-power, and silent 8x 10GbE SFP+ switch offers and when it can be usedwww.servethehome.com
You can't get quieter then that.
These are the two switches i feel in love with... the top is the 5 port i mentioned.