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Info TOP 20 of the World's Most Powerful CPU Cores - IPC/PPC comparison

Richie Rich

Senior member
Jul 28, 2019
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Added cores:
  • A53 - little core used in some low-end smartphones in 8-core config (Snapdragon 450)
  • A55 - used as little core in every modern Android SoC
  • A72 - "high" end Cortex core used in Snapdragon 625 or Raspberry Pi 4
  • A73 - "high" end Cortex core
  • A75 - "high" end Cortex core
  • Bulldozer - infamous AMD core
Geekbench 5.1 PPC chart 6/23/2020:

Pos
Man
CPU
Core
Year
ISA
GB5 Score
GHz
PPC (score/GHz)
Relative to 9900K
Relative to Zen3
1​
Nuvia​
(Est.)​
Phoenix (Est.)​
2021​
ARMv9.0​
2001​
3.00​
667.00​
241.0%​
194.1%​
2​
Apple​
A15 (est.)​
(Est.)​
2021​
ARMv9.0​
1925​
3.00​
641.70​
231.8%​
186.8%​
3​
Apple​
A14 (est.)​
Firestorm​
2020​
ARMv8.6​
1562​
2.80​
558.00​
201.6%​
162.4%​
4​
Apple​
A13​
Lightning​
2019​
ARMv8.4​
1332​
2.65​
502.64​
181.6%​
146.3%​
5​
Apple​
A12​
Vortex​
2018​
ARMv8.3​
1116​
2.53​
441.11​
159.4%​
128.4%​
6​
ARM Cortex​
V1 (est.)​
Zeus​
2020​
ARMv8.6​
1287​
3.00​
428.87​
154.9%​
124.8%​
7​
ARM Cortex​
N2 (est.)​
Perseus​
2021​
ARMv9.0​
1201​
3.00​
400.28​
144.6%​
116.5%​
8​
Apple​
A11​
Monsoon​
2017​
ARMv8.2​
933​
2.39​
390.38​
141.0%​
113.6%​
9​
Intel​
(Est.)​
Golden Cove (Est.)​
2021​
x86-64​
1780​
4.60​
386.98​
139.8%​
112.6%​
10​
ARM Cortex​
X1​
Hera​
2020​
ARMv8.2​
1115​
3.00​
371.69​
134.3%​
108.2%​
11
AMD
5900X (Est.)
Zen 3 (Est.)
2020
x86-64
1683
4.90
343.57
124.1%
100.0%
12​
Apple​
A10​
Hurricane​
2016​
ARMv8.1​
770​
2.34​
329.06​
118.9%​
95.8%​
13​
Intel​
1065G7​
Icelake​
2019​
x86-64​
1252​
3.90​
321.03​
116.0%​
93.4%​
14​
ARM Cortex​
A78​
Hercules​
2020​
ARMv8.2​
918​
3.00​
305.93​
110.5%​
89.0%​
15​
Apple​
A9​
Twister​
2015​
ARMv8.0​
564​
1.85​
304.86​
110.1%​
88.7%​
16
AMD
3950X
Zen 2
2019
x86-64
1317
4.60
286.30
103.4%
83.3%
17​
ARM Cortex​
A77​
Deimos​
2019​
ARMv8.2​
812​
2.84​
285.92​
103.3%​
83.2%​
18​
Intel​
9900K​
Coffee LakeR​
2018​
x86-64​
1384​
5.00​
276.80​
100.0%​
80.6%​
19​
Intel​
10900K​
Comet Lake​
2020​
x86-64​
1465​
5.30​
276.42​
99.9%​
80.5%​
20​
Intel​
6700K​
Skylake​
2015​
x86-64​
1032​
4.00​
258.00​
93.2%​
75.1%​
21​
ARM Cortex​
A76​
Enyo​
2018​
ARMv8.2​
720​
2.84​
253.52​
91.6%​
73.8%​
22​
Intel​
4770K​
Haswell​
2013​
x86-64​
966​
3.90​
247.69​
89.5%​
72.1%​
23​
AMD​
1800X​
Zen 1​
2017​
x86-64​
935​
3.90​
239.74​
86.6%​
69.8%​
24​
Apple​
A13​
Thunder​
2019​
ARMv8.4​
400​
1.73​
231.25​
83.5%​
67.3%​
25​
Apple​
A8​
Typhoon​
2014​
ARMv8.0​
323​
1.40​
230.71​
83.4%​
67.2%​
26​
Intel​
3770K​
Ivy Bridge​
2012​
x86-64​
764​
3.50​
218.29​
78.9%​
63.5%​
27​
Apple​
A7​
Cyclone​
2013​
ARMv8.0​
270​
1.30​
207.69​
75.0%​
60.5%​
28​
Intel​
2700K​
Sandy Bridge​
2011​
x86-64​
723​
3.50​
206.57​
74.6%​
60.1%​
29​
ARM Cortex​
A75​
Prometheus​
2017​
ARMv8.2​
505​
2.80​
180.36​
65.2%​
52.5%​
30​
ARM Cortex​
A73​
Artemis​
2016​
ARMv8.0​
380​
2.45​
155.10​
56.0%​
45.1%​
31​
ARM Cortex​
A72​
Maya​
2015​
ARMv8.0​
259​
1.80​
143.89​
52.0%​
41.9%​
32​
Intel​
E6600​
Core2​
2006​
x86-64​
338​
2.40​
140.83​
50.9%​
41.0%​
33​
AMD​
FX-8350​
BD​
2011​
x86-64​
566​
4.20​
134.76​
48.7%​
39.2%​
34​
AMD​
Phenom 965 BE​
K10.5​
2006​
x86-64​
496​
3.70​
134.05​
48.4%​
39.0%​
35​
ARM Cortex​
A57 (est.)​
Atlas​
0​
ARMv8.0​
222​
1.80​
123.33​
44.6%​
35.9%​
36​
ARM Cortex​
A15 (est.)​
Eagle​
0​
ARMv7 32-bit​
188​
1.80​
104.65​
37.8%​
30.5%​
37​
AMD​
Athlon 64 X2 3800+​
K8​
2005​
x86-64​
207​
2.00​
103.50​
37.4%​
30.1%​
38​
ARM Cortex​
A17 (est.)​
0​
ARMv7 32-bit​
182​
1.80​
100.91​
36.5%​
29.4%​
39​
ARM Cortex​
A55​
Ananke​
2017​
ARMv8.2​
155​
1.60​
96.88​
35.0%​
28.2%​
40​
ARM Cortex​
A53​
Apollo​
2012​
ARMv8.0​
148​
1.80​
82.22​
29.7%​
23.9%​
41​
Intel​
Pentium D​
P4​
2005​
x86-64​
228​
3.40​
67.06​
24.2%​
19.5%​
42​
ARM Cortex​
A7 (est.)​
Kingfisher​
0​
ARMv7 32-bit​
101​
1.80​
56.06​
20.3%​
16.3%​

GB5-PPC-evolution.png

GB5-STperf-evolution.png

TOP10PPC_CPU_frequency_evolution_graph.png



TOP 10 - Performance Per Area comparison at ISO-clock (PPA/GHz)

Copied from locked thread. They try to avoid people to see this comparison how x86 is so bad.[/B]

Pos
Man
CPU
Core
Core Area mm2
Year
ISA
SPEC PPA/Ghz
Relative
1​
ARM Cortex​
A78​
Hercules​
1.33​
2020​
ARMv8​
9.41​
100.0%​
2​
ARM Cortex​
A77​
Deimos​
1.40​
2019​
ARMv8​
8.36​
88.8%​
3​
ARM Cortex​
A76​
Enyo​
1.20​
2018​
ARMv8​
7.82​
83.1%​
4​
ARM Cortex​
X1​
Hera​
2.11​
2020​
ARMv8​
7.24​
76.9%​
5​
Apple​
A12​
Vortex​
4.03​
2018​
ARMv8​
4.44​
47.2%​
6​
Apple​
A13​
Lightning​
4.53​
2019​
ARMv8​
4.40​
46.7%​
7​
AMD​
3950X​
Zen 2​
3.60​
2019​
x86-64​
3.02​
32.1%​



It's impressive how fast are evolving the generic Cortex cores:
  • A72 (2015) which can be found in most SBC has 1/3 of IPC of new Cortex X1 - They trippled IPC in just 5 years.
  • A73 and A75 (2017) which is inside majority of Android smart phones today has 1/2 IPC of new Cortex X1 - They doubled IPC in 3 years.

Comparison how x86 vs. Cortex cores:
  • A75 (2017) compared to Zen1 (2017) is loosing massive -34% PPC to x86. As expected.
  • A77 (2019) compared to Zen2 (2018) closed the gap and is equal in PPC. Surprising. Cortex cores caught x86 cores.
  • X1 (2020) is another +30% IPC over A77. Zen3 need to bring 30% IPC jump to stay on par with X1.

Comparison to Apple cores:
  • AMD's Zen2 core is slower than Apple's A9 from 2015.... so AMD is 4 years behind Apple
  • Intel's Sunny Cove core in Ice Lake is slower than Apple's A10 from 2016... so Intel is 3 years behind Apple
  • Cortex A77 core is slower than Apple's A9 from 2015.... but
  • New Cortex X1 core is slower than Apple's A11 from 2017 so ARM LLC is 3 years behind Apple and getting closer



GeekBench5.1 comparison from 6/22/2020:
  • added Cortex X1 and A78 performance projections from Andrei here
  • 2020 awaiting new Apple A14 Firestorm core and Zen3 core
Updated:



EDIT:
Please note to stop endless discussion about PPC frequency scaling: To have fair and clean comparison I will use only the top (high clocked) version from each core as representation for top performance.
 
Last edited:

Richie Rich

Senior member
Jul 28, 2019
470
227
76
You should probably add *in geekbench* to the title.
SPECint2006 comparison:


Pos
Man
CPU
Core
Year
ISA
SPECint2006 Score
GHz
PPC (score/GHz)
Relative
1​
Apple​
A13​
Lightning​
2019​
ARMv8​
52,82​
2,65​
19,93​
100%​
2​
Apple​
A12​
Vortex​
2018​
ARMv8​
45,32​
2,53​
17,91​
90%​
3​
Apple​
A11​
Monsoon​
2017​
ARMv8​
36,80​
2,39​
15,40​
77%​
4​
Apple​
A10​
Hurricane​
2016​
ARMv8​
29,35​
2,34​
12,54​
63%​
5​
Intel​
1065G7​
Icelake​
2019​
x86-64​
47,70​
3,90​
12,23​
61%​
6​
ARM Cortex​
A77​
Deimos​
2019​
ARMv8​
33,32​
2,84​
11,73​
59%​
7​
Apple​
A9​
Twister​
2015​
ARMv8​
21,49​
1,85​
11,61​
58%​
8​
AMD​
3950X​
Zen 2​
2019​
x86-64​
50,02​
4,60​
10,87​
55%​
9​
Intel​
9900K​
Skylake​
2018​
x86-64​
54,28​
5,00​
10,86​
54%​
10​
ARM Cortex​
A76​
Enyo​
2018​
ARMv8​
26,65​
2,84​
9,38​
47%​
 
Last edited:
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Thunder 57

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The fact that a P4 shows up on your PPC list should immediately disqualify the results. Doesn't matter though. Based on the replies no one is taking you seriously. Besides, you don't provide any analysis or commentary. You basically just show up and say "Apple good, others suck!".

Hey, I don't see my Zen+ on there. I should build a P4 or K8 system stat!
 
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coercitiv

Diamond Member
Jan 24, 2014
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@Richie Rich

Can you please add EPYC 7702P to the comparison? With a score of 1075 @ 3.35Ghz it yields a PPC of 320.9, just shy of Ice Lake.

And while you're at it, can you also add my i7 8700 to the TOP 20 of the World's Most Powerful CPU cores? I ran it straight at 1Ghz so you don't have to normalize clocks anymore. It's 290 PPC, the CFL Refresh wasn't really as good as the original. THANK YOU!
 

Richie Rich

Senior member
Jul 28, 2019
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@Richie Rich

Can you please add EPYC 7702P to the comparison? With a score of 1075 @ 3.35Ghz it yields a PPC of 320.9, just shy of Ice Lake.

And while you're at it, can you also add my i7 8700 to the TOP 20 of the World's Most Powerful CPU cores? I ran it straight at 1Ghz so you don't have to normalize clocks anymore. It's 290 PPC, the CFL Refresh wasn't really as good as the original. THANK YOU!
290 vs. 276 is 5% difference due to frequency scaling 1GHz vs. 5GHz. That's pretty small hit.
I will not put every core with at multiple frequencies. That would be a big mess. It's clear that clock scaling matters in terms of IPC. That's why I keep single sample for each core (always using best ST performance version w/ max clocks).

- That's why EPYC 7702 doesn't make a sense to add as there is already Zen2 3950X with much higher ST performance.
- Later I will add Nehalem, Westmere and unfamous Bulldozer cores.

Originaly it was planned to be TOP 10 only. However I added P4 and K8 just for fun and I realized someone else might find it interesting too how CPU evolulves in wider time frame.
 
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coercitiv

Diamond Member
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290 vs. 276 is 5% difference due to frequency scaling 1GHz vs. 5GHz. That's pretty small hit.
What's this frequency scaling you're talking about?! The WORLD TOP itself uses normalized clocks, it doesn't get any better than running GB5 at 1Ghz!

I will not put every core with at multiple frequencies.
Oh, you don't have to, you can just replace the weaker values for the same core type. So take down that 5Ghz 9900K and replace it with my 1Ghz 8700 since it's the More Powerful CPU.

That's why EPYC 7702 doesn't make a sense to add as there is already Zen2 3950X with much higher ST performance.
That EPYC 7702 makes perfect sense because it offers better PPC. After all, you wouldn't want people to believe you're artificially picking weaker PPC results for some CPU, would you?
 

Richie Rich

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Jul 28, 2019
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What's this frequency scaling you're talking about?! The WORLD TOP itself uses normalized clocks, it doesn't get any better than running GB5 at 1Ghz!


Oh, you don't have to, you can just replace the weaker values for the same core type. So take down that 5Ghz 9900K and replace it with my 1Ghz 8700 since it's the More Powerful CPU.


That EPYC 7702 makes perfect sense because it offers better PPC. After all, you wouldn't want people to believe you're artificially picking weaker PPC results for some CPU, would you?
Read it again what I wrote above. The key for PPC selection is the most performance version of the core with the highest absolute ST performance. I will not add low clocked versions of Zen2 (EPYC) neither Skylake (your 8700). I hope you understand now. Lower clocked A13@1.2GHz would show higher PPC as well so it doesn't make sense anyway. The key is to keep this comparison as fair as possible (despite beiing cross platform).
 

coercitiv

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Read it again what I wrote above. The key for PPC selection is the most performance version of the core with the highest absolute ST performance. I will not add low clocked versions of Zen2 (EPYC) neither Skylake (your 8700). I hope you understand now. Lower clocked A13@1.2GHz would show higher PPC as well so it doesn't make sense anyway.
But this is World's Most Powerful PPC CPU Top, not ST performance Top. You're welcome to replace A13 score with the one obtained @ 1.2Ghz, the World's Most Powerful PPC CPU Top would be incomplete without it!
 
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...and these things all seem to be assuming the CPU core is remaining pegged at its fastest turbo speed. I doubt that 3950X is staying at 4.6 GHz the entire test (based on how my 3900X works). That is probably why the EPYC Part has better "PPC" - it just stays at a fixed speed the entire time.

What about Geekbench itself? Is it the same source being compiled between x86 and iOS?

The compiler being used? Maybe whatever compiler you use to compile code for iOS is just highly optimized for their CPU architecture? x86 benchmarks and compilers tend to avoid CPU/architecture specific optimizations in order to be "fair" to all CPUs and not create situations where code might run on one system, but not another.
 

Hitman928

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Apr 15, 2012
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What about Geekbench itself? Is it the same source being compiled between x86 and iOS?

The compiler being used? Maybe whatever compiler you use to compile code for iOS is just highly optimized for their CPU architecture? x86 benchmarks and compilers tend to avoid CPU/architecture specific optimizations in order to be "fair" to all CPUs and not create situations where code might run on one system, but not another.
Same sources but Windows/Linux use LLVM for compiler whereas iOS and Android use their own customized compilers (based on LLVM). AMD has their own customized LLVM compiler and intel has it's own completely closed source compiler, but neither is used for Geekbench.
 

Hayabusa Rider

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Jan 26, 2000
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It might, depending on whether or not the encoding process can use fixed-function hardware.
In the real world one can make a purpose-built chip which will encode at fantastic rates I'm sure, however the A13 isn't that AFAIK. Heading over to the Geekbench site and looking at top performers, the A13 doesn't even show up as a top performer. If one browses the specific processors such as the a13 and the 3700x the comparison becomes absurd. I don't know much about particulars compared to many here but it seems to me it's bit like golf. If one goes about it right any drunk can beat the best pro out there with the right course and handicap. In the real world, not so much. I understand what you are saying but AFAIK there's not anyone using the A13 because it's faster than everything else.
 
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coercitiv

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ASK THE COMMUNITY