Jesus didn't specify either way, except to say that paying taxes is fine because money is a thing of the secular world, and of little interest or value to a Christian. Except insofar as money can be used to help the poor and downtrodden, in which case you're explicitly mandated to give all you can. But since people don't actually do that, and we still need to help people, we use government to solve the collective action problem.You'll have to refer me to the appropriate quotes, since I don't recall Jesus saying much about government programs. Was Medicare expansion one of his miracles? Were government welfare programs amont the Beautitudes? Did Jesus start choose as Disciples "sinners and tax collectors" in order to ensure Romans had more revenue to care for the poor via Single Payer Insurance?
It's not like Jesus said "don't use government!" Nor did he say "use government!" He said 'accomplish these goals,' and if we believe those goals are valid (whether we're Christian or not), it's up to us to do that.