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core i5 2500 on intel board throttling

ashetos

Senior member
Jul 23, 2013
254
14
76
I know it's ancient history but nonetheless I was debugging my sandy bridge system so here goes. Intel board DH67CL, core i5 2500. I was running linpack with the latest intel burn test utility, and the result is the CPU downclocking from 3.3GHz to 1.6GHz for about half the run duration. Maximum CPU package power was about 90 Watts but during the downclocking period it dropped to about 30 Watts.

I have been monitoring the temperature sensors with HWinfo, HWmonitor and Intel Desktop utilities. All of them don't show anything out of the ordinary, CPU at about 70 celcius, voltage regulator 41, PCH 45. The EFI menu does not show any additional sensors as well.

With stock BIOS settings, I get about 70 GFLOPS. I also tried disabling turbo and setting max clock to 2.8GHz and it still throttled to 1.6GHz. Maximum CPU package power at 65 Watts, still not low enough for some strange reason.

I also disabled 2 cores in the BIOS and ran the test again. I didn't notice any throttling.

Back to stock BIOS, 4 cores enabled. I also ran throttlestop and Clock and Chipset Modulation monitoring always showed 100%, still the CPU downclocked itself for no reason. Finally I disabled BD PROCHOT. After that, no throttling whatsoever and 90 GFLOPS.

So, one obvious explanation is that the motherboard itself is sending the PROCHOT signal to the CPU. The question is why? And how can I fix it? I fear that there is some electrical fault on the board, and some hidden sensor reports overheating or something.

Thanks!
 

DrMrLordX

Lifer
Apr 27, 2000
13,314
2,826
136
It may actually be the board causing problems.

Have you tried any other intensive AVX workloads? How about y-cruncher?
 

ashetos

Senior member
Jul 23, 2013
254
14
76
Just downloaded and ran y-cruncher, same problem. The good news is it reliably throttles!
 

ashetos

Senior member
Jul 23, 2013
254
14
76
I'm using Arctic Cooling Freezer 7 PRO Rev. 2 in a Coolermaster HAF 922 case.

No spare parts to test available.
 

DrMrLordX

Lifer
Apr 27, 2000
13,314
2,826
136
I'm using Arctic Cooling Freezer 7 PRO Rev. 2 in a Coolermaster HAF 922 case.

No spare parts to test available.
Hmm. Have you tried any non-AVX versions of software to test your CPU? Like an older version of Prime95?

Or have you poked around in the BIOS to see if there are some temp limit settings you can tweak?
 

ashetos

Senior member
Jul 23, 2013
254
14
76
Hmm. Have you tried any non-AVX versions of software to test your CPU? Like an older version of Prime95?

Or have you poked around in the BIOS to see if there are some temp limit settings you can tweak?
The BIOS settings are very limited, the temperature limits are way too comfortable, something like 110 degrees for the voltage regulator etc. There is really nothing relevant I can tweak, remember also that H67 is a locked chipset and 2500 is a locked chip. In theory, I'm not hitting any power limit of the CPU, the package power was well under 95 Watts on average on many of my experiments. Y-cruncher was also about 20 Watts lighter than linpack and it still throttled.

I could look for a non-AVX benchmark to try. From memory, I can say that non-AVX workloads don't throttle.
 

john3850

Golden Member
Oct 19, 2002
1,369
9
81
I still have a 2500k with less then 600 power on hours when ever that 2500k hits 72c something with the VRM and PWM circuits on that cheap asrock pro3 causes it to drop from 5000 Mhz to 4400 Mhz.
This 2500k is used less then 15 min a week by my wife.
 

ashetos

Senior member
Jul 23, 2013
254
14
76
I still have a 2500k with less then 600 power on hours when ever that 2500k hits 72c something with the VRM and PWM circuits on that cheap asrock pro3 causes it to drop from 5000 Mhz to 4400 Mhz.
This 2500k is used less then 15 min a week by my wife.
That sounds similar... Maybe my CPU cooler blowing with the direction of the airflow instead of towards the board is not helping...
 

john3850

Golden Member
Oct 19, 2002
1,369
9
81
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zDxFbAhu4Bo

Motherboard vrm explaination
Interesting read.

I once had a i7 930@4400 Mhz that would run prime or Ibt for hours with 7 threads once I set it for all 8 threads it would instantly restart.
Now except for prime that pc ran good.
 
Last edited:

DrMrLordX

Lifer
Apr 27, 2000
13,314
2,826
136
The BIOS settings are very limited, the temperature limits are way too comfortable, something like 110 degrees for the voltage regulator etc. There is really nothing relevant I can tweak, remember also that H67 is a locked chipset and 2500 is a locked chip. In theory, I'm not hitting any power limit of the CPU, the package power was well under 95 Watts on average on many of my experiments. Y-cruncher was also about 20 Watts lighter than linpack and it still throttled.

I could look for a non-AVX benchmark to try. From memory, I can say that non-AVX workloads don't throttle.
Okay, so BIOS tweaking won't help. Try Prime95, after reading this:

https://www.mersenneforum.org/showthread.php?t=21462
 

ashetos

Senior member
Jul 23, 2013
254
14
76
I tried Prime95 after adding CpuSupportsAVX=0 in local.txt but it seems there is no difference whether this line exists or not for everything.

Voltage, power and throttling are identical. I think the option does not work, but there is no way to confirm, nothing gets logged by the programme...
 

ashetos

Senior member
Jul 23, 2013
254
14
76
Ok, so i debugged prime95 parser by adding bogus input in local.txt. It seems that somehow it remembers old state of local.txt even after you correct the error and save the file. The reliable way is to delete local.txt and edit local.txt again.

AVX and no AVX both throttle, and there is not much difference in power, maybe 5 Watts, but there is about 0.02 Volts difference. It starts throttling when the CPU hits about 70C so there is definitely some kind of a pattern here.
 

DrMrLordX

Lifer
Apr 27, 2000
13,314
2,826
136
If I were in your shoes, I would either:

a). use this as an excuse to upgrade, since it's either your CPU or board doing it, or
b). get a cheap-arse sandy chip, maybe an i3-2120, pop it in there, and see if you can replicate the behavior
 

ashetos

Senior member
Jul 23, 2013
254
14
76
Try using XTU to possibly spot why its throttling?
I did, it was useless. The other utilities proved to be more useful. There is no CPU throttling being reported anywhere. For some reason, the BD PROCHOT signal is responsible for the throttling.
 

LTC8K6

Lifer
Mar 10, 2004
28,523
1,565
126
Well, BD PROCHOT signal is pretty much always the board telling the CPU to throttle. If you can't find out why the board is sending the signal, then you need a new board.
 

VirtualLarry

Lifer
Aug 25, 2001
45,155
3,942
126
Is there a "temp offset" in BIOS/UEFI somewhere? Maybe the BIOS is reading the 70C, and "adjusting" it to 90C, before it makes its throttling and fan-speed calculations.
 

ashetos

Senior member
Jul 23, 2013
254
14
76
Is there a "temp offset" in BIOS/UEFI somewhere? Maybe the BIOS is reading the 70C, and "adjusting" it to 90C, before it makes its throttling and fan-speed calculations.
That's nice thinking but I remember the stock cooler hitting 98C 7 years back and throttling due to that. So I had to change it.
 

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