30 Years Ago Today, GNU Was First Announced


No Lifer
Nov 30, 2004
RMS said:
Free Unix!

Starting this Thanksgiving I am going to write a complete Unix-compatible software system called GNU (for Gnu's Not Unix), and give it away free to everyone who can use it. Contributions of time, money, programs and equipment are greatly needed.

To begin with, GNU will be a kernel plus all the utilities needed to write and run C programs: editor, shell, C compiler, linker, assembler, and a few other things. After this we will add a text formatter, a YACC, an Empire game, a spreadsheet, and hundreds of other things. We hope to supply, eventually, everything useful that normally comes with a Unix system, and anything else useful, including on-line and hardcopy documentation.

GNU will be able to run Unix programs, but will not be identical to Unix. We will make all improvements that are convenient, based on our experience with other operating systems. In particular, we plan to have longer filenames, file version numbers, a crashproof file system, filename completion perhaps, terminal-independent display support, and eventually a Lisp-based window system through which several Lisp programs and ordinary Unix programs can share a screen. Both C and Lisp will be available as system programming languages. We will have network software based on MIT's chaosnet protocol, far superior to UUCP. We may also have something compatible with UUCP.

Who Am I?

I am Richard Stallman, inventor of the original much-imitated EMACS editor, now at the Artificial Intelligence Lab at MIT. I have worked extensively on compilers, editors, debuggers, command interpreters, the Incompatible Timesharing System and the Lisp Machine operating system. I pioneered terminal-independent display support in ITS. In addition I have implemented one crashproof file system and two window systems for Lisp machines.

Why I Must Write GNU

I consider that the golden rule requires that if I like a program I must share it with other people who like it. I cannot in good conscience sign a nondisclosure agreement or a software license agreement.

So that I can continue to use computers without violating my principles, I have decided to put together a sufficient body of free software so that I will be able to get along without any software that is not free.

How You Can Contribute

I am asking computer manufacturers for donations of machines and money. I'm asking individuals for donations of programs and work.

One computer manufacturer has already offered to provide a machine. But we could use more. One consequence you can expect if you donate machines is that GNU will run on them at an early date. The machine had better be able to operate in a residential area, and not require sophisticated cooling or power.

Individual programmers can contribute by writing a compatible duplicate of some Unix utility and giving it to me. For most projects, such part-time distributed work would be very hard to coordinate; the independently-written parts would not work together. But for the particular task of replacing Unix, this problem is absent. Most interface specifications are fixed by Unix compatibility. If each contribution works with the rest of Unix, it will probably work with the rest of GNU.

If I get donations of money, I may be able to hire a few people full or part time. The salary won't be high, but I'm looking for people for whom knowing they are helping humanity is as important as money. I view this as a way of enabling dedicated people to devote their full energies to working on GNU by sparing them the need to make a living in another way.

For more information, contact me.

Arpanet mail:

US Snail:
Richard Stallman
166 Prospect St
Cambridge, MA 02139



No Lifer
Nov 30, 2004
AKA 30 years and Hurd isn't done. :p

They were a little ambitious with the kernel, and with Linux being an acceptable substitute, work lost priority. It'll probably never get finished. I think it's more academic at this point. Something useful may come of it, but hacking on it is just done for its own sake.


Golden Member
Nov 20, 2010
Have to give credit to the man. I wouldn't even know where to start with programming my own kernel.

It would have been a whole different world back then. It just blows my mind what people can create. I mean, I'm super excited if i write something useful in C# or Delfi, but stuff like this is awesome.

I've grown to really love working with Linux which as i understand it is more or less GNU. Awesome Stuff!


Platinum Member
Feb 18, 2010
The machine had better be able to operate in a residential area, and not require sophisticated cooling or power.

This was my favorite line. Reminds you of just how drastically everything has changed since then.

Red Squirrel

No Lifer
May 24, 2003
30, that's a nice round number. Maybe this year is going to be the year of the Linux desktop. :biggrin:

On serious note it's incredible the progress Linux has done over the years to consider it's mostly all volunteers working on it. :thumbsup: